A normal functioning foot allows for movement and can supinate and pronate (form arch and lower arch, respectively) when necessary. This still applies to those who possess a structurally high arch and those that have “flat” feet. Regardless of the shape or size of your arch, there is still some degree of supination and pronation motions that is necessary for you to function optimally.
Controlled motion of the foot relies on an orchestration of muscular efforts, and is not limited only to the intrinsic muscles of the foot and ankle; optimal foot function also requires a synergistic effort from muscles throughout the lower leg, knee, and even the hip.
A limitation in motion in any of the joints of the lower extremity can translate to the foot, thereby leading to excessive Read the rest of this entry
Tibialis Anterior and/or Tibialis Posterior tendonitis or “shin splints” generally refers to pain anywhere along the shinbone (tibia) between the knee and the ankle. It occurs as an overuse injury with damage and inflammation of the tendons and muscles that run up the shin. Shin splints are commonly seen in runners and athletes.
Signs and symptoms may include pain along the front inside edge of your shin. You may also have pain on the inner back side of your leg. The area may be tender to the touch and in some cases can become red and swollen. You may be able to reproduce the pain of shin splints by pointing your foot and toes down, but it is mostly aggravated by activity and exercise. Your doctor may consider an x-ray to rule out stress fractures and other conditions.
One cause of shin splints is overuse of the involved muscles. This can happen with an increase in exercise levels, repetitive movements as in running and other stresses to the lower leg such as hard or changing running surfaces.
Another major (and often overlooked) contributor to shin splints is over-pronation or arch flattening from Read the rest of this entry